Your Skin Lady

Look Good Outside, Feel Good Inside!

Seven Reasons YOU should get Professional Facials

Seven Reasons YOU should get Professional Facials


+Analysis by a trained professional+


A university study shows that over 60% of people define their skin types and home care incorrectly. A skin care professional is trained in skin analysis and in providing this information to you correctly.


+Professional extraction, when needed+


Acne and breakouts can be spread and scarring caused by picking. A professional is trained to perform this service when needed in the least invasive, though effective manner. The skin is prepped with products that ease the procedure, then the professional performs extraction safely, with great results.


+Deep Cleansing of the skin by a professional+


Cleansing the skin of dirt, debris and environmental factors can allow your skin to maintain a healthy balance and enhance its ability to fight off disease and aging. It can also enable the skin to better utilize the products that you apply for nourishment, protection and exfoliation.


+Deeper penetration of products through the benefits of professional facial massage+


Professional facial massage techniques warm the skin, thus opening the pores to allow deeper penetration of products.

Warmth resulting from professional facial massage also dilates the vascular system, encouraging it to bring nutrients and moisture to the deeper layers of the skin and to remove toxins produced during normal metabolism. This stimulation also brings a healthy glow to the skin that only a professional facial massage can produce.


+Professional recommendation+


Skin care professionals are trained to recommend appropriate professional services that will meet your treatment needs. The professional can also recommend the correct home care program to enable you to meet your goals for your skin.


+Professional products+


The treatment level products used by your skin care professional produce enhanced results in your treatment. Also, the professional level home care product recommended by your skin care specialist will maintain and improve the condition of your skin between services.

You will be educated on the benefits of each treatment, on the benefits of home care products and on how to use them correctly for achieving your skin care goals.


+Pampering by the professional+


Facial professionals can de-stress even the most tense person, leaving him or her relaxed and rejuvenated after the treatment. An added and highly recommended bonus to the facial treatment!

The Galvanic Current

The galvanic current machine is a wonderful esthetic tool that has been considered an important part of skin treatment in Europe for decades. Unfortunately, the role of galvanic current in professional skin care has not been understood widely enough in this country. For the curious, here's an introduction to galvanic current and how it is commonly used in the esthetic treatment room.

Galvanic current provides a very safe and efficacious tool for the esthetician. Because it is experienced by the client imperceptably (there may be a slight metallic taste in the mouth at higher milliamperes), there may be a tendency to underestimate the effectiveness of galvanic current. However, depending on treatment goals and the condition of the skin, it is possible to see improvement even after the first session.

Galvanic current is a constant and direct current (DC). It possess polarity (positive or negative). This polarity is manifested by chemical changes that are produced when the current passes through acid or salt. Because the human body contains acids and salts, it is possible to effect subtle chemical changes in human tissue through the use of very mild galvanic current.

The positive pole, or anode, has an acid effect on tissue. The anode is used for calming, healing, and hardening or sclerotic effect, possibly due to release of oxygen at the site of application. The negative pole, or cathode, causes an alkaline effect on tissue. The cathode releases hydrogen at site of application and has a stimulating and softening, or sclerolytic, effect.

Further, by applying a combination of galvanic current and solutions to the skin, it is possible to influence the skin's ability to absorb materials into the intracellular spaces in the dermis. This absorption process, phoresis or, more accurately, iontophoresis, is possible because the electrical current literally carries ions into the tissues, between the cells. This assumes that the ionized treatment solution is simple enough, not complex. (This absorption method differs from phonophoresis, or ultrasound, which is used for molecular absorption.)

With traditional passive applications of skin care products, formulations must be concentrated, have a low molecular weight, and be sufficiently lipophilic in order to be absorbed by the skin. Iontophoresis via galvanic current is not limited by these constraints.

Cataphoresis describes the specific use of the positive pole (anode) to induce a positively charged (acid pH) substance into the skin. Anaphoresis is the specific use of the negative pole (cathode) to introduce a negatively charged (alkaline pH) substance. Another way to think of this is that, during iontophoresis, when molecules are ionized, ions will move toward the electrode of opposite charge. Cations move towards the cathode, and anions move towards the anode.

The table below shows some applications for galvanic current as used by estheticians:

Esthetic Uses for Galvanic Current (1)



Used to:

Used to:

Lower pH of the skin

Raise pH of the skin

Introduce positively charged (acid pH, astringent) substances into the skin via iontophoresis

Introduce negatively charged (alkaline pH, saline) substances into the skin via iontophoresis

Decrease blood flow:

  • Reduce redness from irritation
  • Reduce redness from rosacea

Increase blood flow:

  • Stimulate circulation in dry, pale, or mature skin

Prevent or reduce inflammation

Use with alkaline solutions for disincrustation

Best for:


(couperose skin)
Sensitive skin
Skin irritated by waxing

(couperose skin)
Sensitized skin
Skin irritated by waxing
Disincrustation not needed for dry, alipid skin

1. Cautions: Microcurrent devices are not to be used on the following: broken skin; clients with pacemakers or other electrosensitive devices; recent scar tissue. Only if the skin site is completely healed can iontophoresis be used over scar tissue. Scar tissue has different electrical resistance from normal skin and should be treated with caution, starting with lower than maximum current. Use with caution over very dry skin; can be irritating.

Usually the anode is be marked "
P" or "+" and the cathode is marked "N" or "-". However, if necessary, polarity can be tested by either of the following methods and the electrodes then labeled for future reference:

  • The Water Test. The anode and cathode are placed in a glass of water, tips apart. When the galvanic current is turned on, more and smaller bubbles accumulate on the cathode than on the anode.
  • The Litmus Test. The anode and cathode tips are placed, not touching, on a piece of moistened litmus paper. The paper under the anode turns red (alkaline) and the paper under the cathode turns green or blue (acid).

Older models do not provide a switch to change current. In these machines, it is necessary to reverse polarity by reversing the positions of the electrodes where they plug into the machine. In older models, marking the sockets as well as the electrodes, if neither are labeled, helps to avoid inadvertantly reversing polarity.

It is important to keep in mind when attempting to understand the galvanic current treatment that the client plays a part in the current flow. Both electrodes, anode and cathode, are required. The galvanic current (ions of electricity) flows from the cathode through the body and exits via the anode. The flow is always from the negative pole (repelling) to the positive pole; therefore, it is always necessary to have the client touching both electrodes in order to effect a flow. The fact that the flow is one-directional (a "push/pull") helps to explain the different skin reactions that can be achieved, depending on whether the anode ("push," calming) or cathode ("pull," stimulating) is chosen.

The simplest and safest way for the client to maintain contact with the electrode that the esthetician is not using for treatment (the passive electrode) is for it to be wrapped in a layer of dampened, folded paper toweling and taped to the clients upper arm. The client should never lie on an electrode, or pressure placed on the electrode so that the blood flow is compromised, and metal should never touch the skin. The treatment electrode may wrapped in a thin layer of cotton saturated with treatment solution or with water. If the electrode is being used to penetrate an ampoule, a layer of moistened gauze may be placed over the client's face in lieu of wrapping the electrode.

After the esthetician applies the treatment electrode to the client's face, she switches on the galvanic current and slowly turns up the milliamperemeter to raise the current to the desired strength. The treatment electrode is glided slowly over the area that is being treated. Any time the electrode breaks contact with the skin, the milliamperemeter is first slowly returned to zero before breaking contact; likewise, any time it is reintroduced onto the skin, the milliamperemeter is slowly raised back up to operating level. Treatment time varies according to treatment goals and the condition of the skin.

Attachments available for the galvanic current machine include ionto rollers, used with a saturated gauze layer for iontophoresis and the ionto mask, which is dampened and placed over the entire face for iontophoresis or disincrustation.

Iontophoresis by galvanic current can significantly enhance the action of formulations in the skin, making treatment goals more accessible. It is also an excellent tool for disincrustation or for skins that have been irritated or sensitized.

Iontophoreses. In: Kahn, J. Principles and Practice of Electrotherapy, third edition. New York: Churchill Livingstone 1994; 127-49.

Galvanic Current. In: Standard Textbook of Cosmetology, 1954 edition. San Jose: Sullivan Beauty College 1956; 145-46.

Electricity, Machines, and Apparatus for Professional Skin Care. In: Frangie C, Ed. Milady's Standard Textbook for Professional Esthetician, seventh edition. USA: Milady Publishing Co. 1992;267-9.

Panoderm: Elanís Iontophoretic Transdermal Technology. 2000 Elan Corporation, plc, Dublin, Ireland.